Celexa

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Celexa
Celexa

Introduction

Celexa medication is the brand name that produces Citalopram which falls in a class of medications called SSRI or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. The medication got the approval of FDA in 1998. Celexa is an antidepressant and is also used to treat a number of disorders like obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder and certain eating disorders like anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Medication Usage

Celexa must be used only after proper consultation with the physician. Since this medication is an anti-depressant, it has effects on the patient's physical and mental well being. The usual dosage to start with is 20gms in the morning or evening which may be increased to 40gms. However like any other anti depressant Celexa shows slow results and may take several weeks before some really good results can be seen. However the accurate intake of the same must be decided by the doctor as a lot depends upon the extent of medication given to a particular patient and the results shown differ from case to case.

A Word of Caution

It must be remembered that Celexa is not fit for consumption by children and teenagers as they have shown signs and tendencies of taking their on life upon usage. Also, breastfeeding mothers should not use it as Citalopram gets in the mother's milk and passes on to the infant which can have adverse reactions that could prove fatal.

The expecting mothers should avoid the use this medication in their third semester as the exposure of citalopram to neonates can lead to severe complications in the pregnancy. The combination of Citalopram with any other medication classified as MAOI is fatal and shows negative side effects. Celexa medication must be used with a gap of 14 days in between each other. The MAOI contains anti-depressant substances like phenelzine and tranylcypromine which, if combined with Citalopram, may lead to hyperactivity, high blood pressure and tremor. The use of Celexa with aspirin or other pharmaceuticals that affect bleeding may also lead to upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

Side Effects of the Celexa medication

Celexa also shows a whole range of side effects in patients which are either most common or less common and should be dealt with utmost care and notified immediately to the doctor. The common side effects are drowsiness, nausea, dryness of mouth, headache, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, gas, heartburn and increased sweating.

Other side effects include joint pains, troubled breathing, agitation, blurred vision, and increased yawning, loss of memory, menstrual cycle changes in women and sexual dysfunction.

There are also certain overdose side effects of Celexa, like seizures, fainting, irregular or slow heart beat, and coma. Such side effects need immediate consultancy with the doctor. However, patients tend to show sudden changes in the mood, feelings, thoughts and emotional behaviors when the medication is introduced for the first time to them or there has been a change of dosage of the same.

Precaution

If the patients show signs of any of the side effects mentioned above, a close watch is needed and the medication should not be stopped abruptly without the doctor's advice because this may even lead to further complications. A follow up visit to the physician is a must if such symptoms show up.

Also, before going for the medication the patient must tell the doctor about all the prescribed, herbal, over the counter or any other medication taken by him. He/she must also inform the doctor about whether he is allergic to Celexa or not. A discussion of the complete medical history like heart disease, blood pressure, liver or kidney disorder and seizures, is definitely required to be done.

Conclusion

Celexa is generally well tolerated and safe in the dose range of 10 mg to 60 mg/day. It makes a better choice for comorbid patients or the elderly as it exhibits very less medication interaction potential and linear pharmacokinetics.